An Introduction to the Pulse Rate in the Elderly
When the heart muscles contract and blood is pushed out of the heart into the arteries, impulses arise — this is the pulse. Its frequency is determined by the number of beats per unit of time. In a normal healthy person, this value should be about 60-80 beats per minute, but the pulse in older people has other indicators. Human pulse is the jerky oscillation of blood vessels in the human body against the background of contraction of the heart muscle. We feel the pulse as a blow in the large arteries. The best time to measure is morning. During the day, our pulse may change several times. The normal pulse of a healthy adult is 60-80 beats per minute. The different periods of life of a person are characterized by different indicators of the pulse. The most active pulse can be found in babies. Then, it gradually decreases and reaches 80 beats by adulthood. And in older people, it slows down completely and can reach up to 60 beats per minute. Only before death can there be a sharp jump to 160. In older people, the pulse is very sensitive to various conditions.
The indicators are affected by:
- age, gender as well as height;
- load intensity and level of exercise;
- how much the body is functional and adapted for different situations;
- the presence of stress or heavy experiences;
- chronic diseases and protective qualities of the body;
- time of the day when the pulse is measured;
- nutrition and bad habits.
The increase in the intensity of the pulse is always due to obvious reasons. In order for the pulse to increase by 10-12 beats, it is enough to change the position of your body. For example, you lay and rose abruptly. With minimal changes, the pulse instantly returns to normal. For different ages, there is a norm:
For newborns and infants, 140 beats will be the norm, and by one year the pulse will be 130 beats.
- At two years old, the child has about a hundred beats per minute.
- In early childhood, from 2 to 7 years, about 90 beats per minute.
- In adolescence, by age 14, the pulse reaches the level of an adult – 80 beats.
- For middle-aged people, it can be around 72 beats per minute.
- An elderly person’s pulse per minute is 65 heartbeats.
- In men, the pulse is slower than in women. Growth also affects the pulse. In tall people, it is usually a little slower than in short people.
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